Station 11: X-ray
The CT principle is demonstrated with the aid of simple objects. In the case of very simple targets, only a few images need to be taken in order to achieve a good result. The more complicated the objects are, the more images are necessary in order to show all the details. In addition, special samples are used to demonstrate how artefacts are generated and what causes beam hardening.
Qualitative X-ray fluorescence analysis of alloyed materials
The composition of various alloys is analysed with the aid of polychromatic X-rays. The energy of the characteristic fluorescence lines of the alloy constituents is analysed with the aid of a semiconductor detector and a multichannel analyser. The alloy constituents are identified by comparing the line energies with the corresponding table values.